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Права человека в Европе: без оснований для спокойства

Human rights in Europe: no grounds for complacency, Франция

Страсбург: издательство Council of Europe Publishing, 2011-374 с.

Краткое описание

В данной книге, изданной при Верховном Комиссариате ООН по правам человека анализируются права человека и гражданина в ЕС. В частности, рассматриваются этапы становления прав человека, конвенции, межгосударственные соглашения, механизмы регулирования и защиты. На английском языке.

Дополнительное описание

Foreword .................................................................................9
Chapter 1: Xenophobia and identity ..............................31
Respecting the other ...................................................................32
Islamophobia ..............................................................................36
The burqa and privacy .................................................................39
Discriminatory stop and search ....................................................43
Hate crimes ................................................................................46
Minority languages ......................................................................50
Chapter 2: Roma rights .....................................................57
European history of repression of the Roma ..................................58
Continued stigmatisation of Roma ................................................61
Ending discrimination against Roma .............................................64
Roma political representation .......................................................71
Roma without citizenship .............................................................75
Discrimination against Roma migrants ..........................................79
Chapter 3: Immigration and asylum policies .............83
Rights for migrants ......................................................................84
The criminalisation of migration ...................................................87
The right to asylum .....................................................................91
Detention of asylum seekers ........................................................93
Family reunification .....................................................................97
4 | Table of contents
Trafficking ................................................................................102
Statelessness ...........................................................................104
Displaced persons .....................................................................108
Chapter 4: Protection against homophobia
and transphobia ................................................................113
Yogyakarta Principles ................................................................114
Homophobia .............................................................................117
Transphobia ..............................................................................121
Chapter 5: Rights of people with disabilities .........127
Making society inclusive ............................................................128
Rights for persons with mental disabilities ..................................132
Discrimination against people with intellectual disabilities ............136
Chapter 6: Gender rights ................................................143
Gender representation in politics ................................................144
The pay gap .............................................................................146
Domestic violence .....................................................................149
Rape ........................................................................................152
Chapter 7: Rights of the child ....................................157
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child .............................158
Views of children ......................................................................162
Children and violence ................................................................166
Sexual abuse of children ...........................................................169
Human rights in Europe | 5
Children in unsuitable care institutions .......................................172
Children in prison ......................................................................176
Child migrants ..........................................................................180
Child poverty ............................................................................183
Chapter 8: Social and economic rights ......................187
Poverty and marginalisation .......................................................188
The global economic crisis and human rights ..............................191
Equality, discrimination and poverty ............................................194
The right to housing ..................................................................197
The rights of older people ..........................................................200
HIV, Aids and the right to health..................................................204
Climate change: an issue of human rights ..................................206
Enforcing social rights standards ................................................211
Chapter 9: Police, courts and prisons .........................217
Police violence ..........................................................................218
The “ticking bomb” argument ....................................................222
Final abolition of the death penalty .............................................225
Corruption undermines justice ...................................................228
Judges must be independent .....................................................233
Lengthy court proceedings ........................................................236
Enforcement of court decisions ..................................................238
Prison conditions ......................................................................241
Life sentences ..........................................................................243
6 | Table of contents
Remedies for victims of human rights violations ..........................246
Applications to the Strasbourg Court ..........................................249
Chapter 10: Fighting terrorism while respecting
human rights ......................................................................253
Counterterrorist methods and European complicity ......................254
Intelligence secrecy: no excuse ..................................................259
Terrorist blacklisting ..................................................................263
Terrorism – Lessons from Northern Ireland .................................267
Privacy and data protection........................................................272
Chapter 11: Gross violations in the past ....................279
Lessons from history .................................................................280
Accountability in post-totalitarian states ......................................284
The International Criminal Court .................................................226
Chapter 12: Media freedom and freedom
of expression ......................................................................291
Blasphemy and hate speech ......................................................292
Media diversity .........................................................................295
Journalists at risk ......................................................................298
Freedom of assembly ................................................................301
Chapter 13: Actors for human rights ..........................305
Human rights defenders ............................................................306
The example of Andrei Sakharov ................................................308
Religious leaders .......................................................................312
Human rights in Europe | 7
Ombudsmen .............................................................................314
Local authorities .......................................................................316
Parliaments ..............................................................................320
Chapter 14: Systematic measures for human
rights implementation .....................................................325
National implementation ............................................................326
State budgets ...........................................................................331
Human rights education ............................................................334
Chapter 15: International action ..................................339
Foreign policy and human rights ................................................340
The accountability of international actors ....................................346
List of acronyms and abbreviations ............................................351
Council of Europe human rights treaties:
record of ratifications and signatures ..........................................353

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